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Our earth is polluted with different types of pollutions like air, water, land pollution etc. However, water pollution is considered to be one of the dangerous elements. In this paper, we would give a glimpse of what is water pollution and how it effects the entire environment. Water is considered to be one of the most important sources and our earth comprises of 71% of water and our bodies are filled in with 65% of water. Clean and healthy drinking water is the right of every human being because God has created this resource in abundance just for the sake of humans (Donald, 2002).
As population increases in the world, the water gets polluted and water pollution is becoming a threat not just for humans but for species that are living inside the water. Water pollution can be defined as the contamination of areas like rivers, lakes, ponds, seas, and ground water. This contamination is done by humans and as a result of which the water gets polluted and it becomes harmful for species that are living in these areas. It is considered to be one of the major problems of the world and researches suggest that most of the deaths occur due to water pollution.
This havoc of water pollutions affects both the industrialized and the non-industrialized countries and about 14,000 people die daily just because of water pollution (Donnelly, 1998). Most of the water is polluted by human activities like dumping the waste is seas, rivers, ponds and lakes. Similarly, certain organizations dump hefty amount of wastes in rivers which can cause serious threats to the creatures that are living in water. Besides, human activities certain natural phenomenon’s like volcanoes, storms, earthquakes pollute the water.
The water that humans use for drinking purpose is taken from rivers, lakes and from underground sources and if these sources are polluted then it’s highly possible that people would be affected from this water after drinking it. Types of Water Pollution Water pollution is by far one of the most important issues the world is facing today. Water pollution has certain types which are discussed below: • Microbiological • Chemical • Nutrients Microbiological Microorganisms like bacteria, protozoa are present in contaminated water. This bacteria cause serious threats for species like small fishes and humans that swim in that water.
Diseases like polio and cholera can be caused by these microorganisms. Chemical Chemicals and wastes are poisonous for species like fishes and other creatures. Industries contaminate the water by dumping their wastes in the form of chemicals, metals and solvents. Chemicals such as ammonia are poisonous to all the creatures present in the water. Marine life is quite affected by this. Besides that companies also dumb oil and detergents in lakes, streams etc and it becomes difficult for species like fishes and other creatures to swim in the water and they die because of this.
Nutrients Aquatic weeds grow in huge amount in lakes and streams due to the fact that phosphorus and nitrogen enters in the water. The water gets dirty and it becomes difficult for swimming and boating. Similarly, if this water is used for the purpose of drinking then this can cause unpleasant taste and dirt in the water (Love to Know, 2009). Effects on the environment Water pollution has wide and varied effects on the environment. The entire environment gets distorted and besides human beings, other creatures also suffer the loss.
An imbalance is created in the marine life and creatures like fishes, turtles and other beautiful creatures die just because of water pollution. Water pollution possesses the tendency of not affecting the health directly but it affects the health after a certain period of time. One of the biggest sources of water pollutions is the dumping of toxic wastes by different companies. Elements like glass, foam, cardboards etc can be deadly for fishes as they offer a hindrance when they are moving. Besides that, water from sewerage lines, manholes, and agricultural wastes enters rivers and lakes and pollute them.
This situation is very serious in underdeveloped countries and water from sewerage lines contains urine, laundry wastes enters rivers and lakes and if water is not properly purified then people would be affected from it and it might result in serious damages. A huge number of people all round the world and especially in underdeveloped countries die just because of the fact that they drink water that is not purified. Water pollution affects the entire ecology of earth and it disturbs the natural processes. The environment is getting more and more polluted because the inhabitants are dying.
Oil spills by different companies, dumping up of wastes, increased temperature of water, aquatic imbalances are posing a serious threat to the environment and if viable steps are not taken then it can be easily predicted that people would not experience a healthy marine life and limited sources of water would remain feasible for drinking (Parks, 2007). Preventive measures A certain preventive measures can help the cause and they can restrict the menace of water pollution. By following certain guidelines, water pollution can be minimized. These guidelines are listed below:
• We should not throw elements like paints, oil and other insolvent or solvent substances in water. This could block sewerage lines and water these harmful substances would enter into bigger pools of water. • The products in the household must be environment friendly and these detergents and soaps wouldn’t contribute in water pollution. • On a bigger scale, organizations and companies must educate their employees in not throwing elements like litter into oceans and rivers. • International organizations and social ventures must coordinate with each other in helping underdeveloped countries to solve their problems related to water pollution.
Conclusion To conclude we can say that besides other problems water pollution can easily be considered as one of the biggest problems of this world. People are dying from it and suffering from deadly diseases. Due to water pollution, certain species are labeled as endangered species. Marine life is badly affected by this problem and usually this problem isn’t given much attention. Therefore, steps must be taken on both individual level and on a broader level to face this problem. People must coordinate with each other and organizations must not dump their wastes in oceans, seas, rivers etc.
They must recycle their waste and then transfer it to safer places. Governments on the other hand should pose penalties on companies that are dumping their waste in water. Therefore, through combined and cumulative efforts this problem can be solved. However, a proactive approach must be initiated at individual basis.
Donald, R. (2002). Water Pollution. Children’s Press. Donnelly, A. (1998). Water Pollution . Child’s World. Love to Know. (2009). Types of Water Pollution. Retrieved Feburary 10, 2009, from Green Living : http://greenliving. lovetoknow. com/Types_of_Water_Pollution Parks, P. (2007). Water Pollution. KidHaven Press.
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